21 January History

Month:                           Date:     

  • 1189    -    Philip Augustus, Henry II of England and Frederick Barbarossa assemble the troops for the Third Crusade.
  • 1648    -    In Maryland, the first woman lawyer in the colonies, Margaret Brent, is denied a vote in the Maryland Assembly.
  • 1785    -    Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot Indians sign the treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States.
  • 1790    -    Joseph Guillotine proposes a new, more humane method of execution: a machine designed to cut off the condemned person's head as painlessly as possible.
  • 1793    -    The French King Louis XVI is guillotined for treason.
  • 1910    -    Japan rejects the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway.
  • 1919    -    The German Krupp plant begins producing guns under the U.S. armistice terms.
  • 1921    -    J.D. Rockefeller pledges $1 million for the relief of Europe's destitute.
  • 1930    -    An international arms control meeting opens in London.
  • 1933    -    The League of Nations rejects Japanese terms for settlement with China.
  • 1941    -    The United States lifts the ban on arms to the Soviet Union.
  • 1942    -    In North Africa, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches a drive to push the British eastward. While the British benefited from radio-intercept-derived Ultra information, the Germans enjoyed an even speedier intelligence source.
  • 1943    -    A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school. When the anticipated invasion of Britain failed to materialize in 1940, Londoners relaxed, but soon they faced a frightening new threat.
  • 1951    -    Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack.
  • 1958    -    The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries.
  • 1964    -    Carl T. Rowan is named the director of the United States Information Agency (USIA).
  • 1968    -    In Vietnam, the Siege of Khe Sanh begins as North Vietnamese units surround U.S. Marines based on the hilltop headquarters.
  • 1974    -    The U.S. Supreme Court decides that pregnant teachers can no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence.
  • 1976    -    Leonid Brezhnev and Henry Kissinger meet to discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT).
  • 1977    -    President Carter urges 65 degrees as the maximum heat in homes to ease the energy crisis.
  • 1993    -    Congressman Mike Espy of Mississippi is confirmed as Secretary of the Department of Agriculture.

  • 21 January Birthdays

  • 1737    -    Ethan Allen, American Revolutionary commander.
  • 1824    -    Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, Confederate General.
  • 1925    -    Benny Hill, British comedian.