03 December History

Month:                           Date:     

  • 1468    -    Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano succeed their father, Piero de Medici, as rulers of Florence, Italy.
  • 1762    -    France cedes to Spain all lands west of the Mississippi–the territory known as Upper Louisiana.
  • 1818    -    Illinois admitted into the Union as the 21st state.
  • 1800    -    The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Hohenlinden, near Munich.
  • 1847    -    Frederick Douglass and Martin R. Delaney establish the North Star, and anti-slavery paper.
  • 1862    -    Confederate raiders attack a Federal forage train on the Hardin Pike near Nashville, Tenn.
  • 1863    -    Confederate General James Longstreet moves his army east and north toward Greeneville. This withdrawal marks the end of the Fall Campaign in Tennessee.
  • 1864    -    Major General William Tecumseh Sherman meets with slight resistance from Confederate troops at Thomas Station on his march to the sea.
  • 1906    -    The U.S. Supreme Court orders Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) leaders extradited to Idaho for trial in the Steunenberg murder case.
  • 1915    -    The United States expels German attaches on spy charges.
  • 1916    -    French commander Joseph Joffre is dismissed after his failure at the Somme. General Robert Nivelle is the new French commander in chief.
  • 1918    -    The Allied Conference ends in London where they decide that Germany must pay for the war.
  • 1925    -    The League of Nations orders Greece to pay an indemnity for the October invasion of Bulgaria.
  • 1926    -    British reports claim that German soldiers are being trained in the Soviet Union.
  • 1950    -    The Chinese close in on Pyongyang, Korea, and UN forces withdraw southward.
  • 1965    -    The National Council of Churches asks the United States to halt the massive bombings in North Vietnam.
  • 1977    -    The State Department proposes the admission of 10,000 more Vietnamese refugees to the United States.
  • 1979    -    Eleven are dead and eight injured in a mad rush to see a rock band (The Who) at a concert in Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • 1984    -    Toxic gas leaks from a Union Carbide plant and results in the deaths of thousands in Bhopal, India.
  • 1989    -    Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce the official end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.

  • 03 December Birthdays

  • 1755    -    Gilbert Stewart, portrait painter.
  • 1826    -    George B. McClellan, Union general who defeated Robert E. Lee at Antietam and ran against Abraham Lincoln for president.
  • 1833    -    Carlos Juan Finlay, Cuban epidemiologist.
  • 1857    -    Joseph Conrad, Polish-born novelist (Heart of Darkness, Nostromo).
  • 1922    -    Sven Nykvist, Swedish cinematographer.
  • 1925    -    Jean-Luc Godard, French film director (Breathless).
  • 1933    -    Paul Crutzen, Dutch chemist.