24 September History

Month:                           Date:     

  • 1788    -    After having been dissolved, the French Parliament of Paris reassembles in triumph.
  • 1789    -    Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789, establishing a strong federal court system with the powers it needs to ensure the supremacy of the Constitution and federal law. The new Supreme Court will have a chief justice and five associate justices.
  • 1842    -    Branwell Bronte, the brother of the Bronte sisters and the model for Hindley Earnshaw in Emily's novel Wuthering Heights, dies of tuberculosis. Emily and Anne die the same year.
  • 1862    -    President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer.
  • 1904    -    Sixty-two die and 120 are injured in head-on train collision in Tennessee.
  • 1914    -    In the Alsace-Lorraine area between France and Germany, the German Army captures St. Mihiel.
  • 1915    -    Bulgaria mobilizes troops on the Serbian border.
  • 1929    -    The first flight using only instruments is completed by U.S. Army pilot James Doolittle.
  • 1930    -    Noel Coward's comedy Private Lives opens in London starring Gertrude Lawrence and Coward himself.
  • 1947    -    The World Women's Party meets for the first time since World War II.
  • 1956    -    The first transatlantic telephone cable system begins operation.
  • 1957    -    President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect nine black students entering its newly integrated high school.
  • 1960    -    The Enterprise, the first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, is launched.
  • 1962    -    The University of Mississippi agrees to admit James Meredith as the first black university student, sparking more rioting.
  • 1969    -    The "Chicago Eight," charged with conspiracy and crossing state lines with the intent to incite a riot, go on trial for their part in the mayhem during the 1968 Democratic Party National Convention in the "Windy City."
  • 1970    -    The Soviet Luna 16 lands, completing the first unmanned round trip to the moon.
  • 1993    -    Sihanouk is reinstalled as king of Cambodia.

  • 24 September Birthdays

  • 1501    -    Gerolamo Cardano, mathematician, author of Games of Chance, the first systematic computation of probabilities.
  • 1717    -    Horace Walpole, author, creator of the Gothic novel genre.
  • 1755    -    John Marshall, fourth chief justice of the Supreme Court and U.S. secretary of state.
  • 1870    -    George Claude, French engineer, inventor of the neon light.
  • 1894    -    E. Franklin Frazier, first African-American president of the American Sociological Society.
  • 1896    -    Francis Scott Key (F. Scott) Fitzgerald, novelist best known for The Great Gatsby.
  • 1911    -    Konstantin Chernenko, president of the Soviet Union 1984-1985.
  • 1936    -    Jim Henson, puppeteer who created the "Muppets" in 1954 and television's Sesame Street.