18 January History

Month:                           Date:     

  • 1486    -    Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York.
  • 1701    -    Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, becomes king of Prussia.
  • 1778    -    Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the 'Sandwich Islands' after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich.
  • 1836    -    Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.
  • 1862    -    John Tyler, former president of the U.S., is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
  • 1902    -    The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifts its support from Nicaragua to Panama as a favored canal site.
  • 1910    -    Aviator Eugene Ely performs his first successful take off and landing from a ship in San Francisco.
  • 1916    -    The Russians force the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.
  • 1942    -    General MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan. The United States took the lead in the Far East war criminal trials.
  • 1945    -    The German Army launches its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.
  • 1948    -    Ghandi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslem-Hindu riots.
  • 1962    -    The United States begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.
  • 1964    -    Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York.
  • 1978    -    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) isolate the cause of Legionnaire's disease.
  • 1991    -    Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities.

  • 18 January Birthdays

  • 1782    -    Daniel Webster, congressman from New Hampshire, Massachusetts senator, and secretary of state before the Civil War.
  • 1813    -    Joseph Glidden, inventor.
  • 1858    -    Daniel Hale Williams, physician who performed the first open heart surgery, founder of Chicago's Provident Hospital.
  • 1882    -    A.A. [Alan Alexander] Milne, novelist, humorist and journalist (Winnie the Pooh).
  • 1892    -    Oliver Hardy, film comedian, one half of Laurel and Hardy.
  • 1904    -    Cary Grant, U.S. film actor (Gunga Din, Bringing Up Baby, The Philadelphia Story, North by Northwest).