21 February History

Month:                           Date:     

  • 1595    -    The Jesuit poet Robert Southwell is hanged for "treason" being a Catholic.
  • 1631    -    Michael Romanov, son of the Patriarch of Moscow, is elected Russian Tsar.
  • 1744    -    The British blockade of Toulon is broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking 29 British ships.
  • 1775    -    As troubles with Great Britain increase, colonists in Massachusetts vote to buy military equipment for 15,000 men.
  • 1797    -    Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to the British.
  • 1828    -    The first issue of the Cherokee Phoenix is printed, both in English and in the newly invented Cherokee alphabet.
  • 1849    -    In the Second Sikh War, Sir Hugh Gough's well placed guns win a victory over a Sikh force twice the size of his at Gujerat on the Chenab River, assuring British control of the Punjab for years to come.
  • 1862    -    The Texas Rangers win a Confederate victory in the Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico.
  • 1878    -    The world's first telephone book is issued by the New Haven Connecticut Telephone Company containing the names of its 50 subscribers.
  • 1885    -    The Washington Monument is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1905    -    The Mukden campaign of the Russo-Japanese War, begins.
  • 1916    -    The battle of Verdun begins with an unprecedented German artillery barrage of the French lines.
  • 1925    -    The first issue of New Yorker magazine hits the newsstands.
  • 1940    -    The Germans begin construction of a concentration camp at Auschwitz.
  • 1944    -    Hideki Tojo becomes chief of staff of the Japanese army.
  • 1949    -    Nicaragua and Costa Rica sign a friendship treaty ending hostilities over their borders.
  • 1951    -    The U. S. Eighth Army launches Operation Killer, a counterattack to push Chinese forces north of the Han River in Korea.
  • 1956    -    A grand jury in Montgomery, Alabama indicts 115 in a Negro bus boycott.
  • 1960    -    Havana places all Cuban industry under direct control of the government.
  • 1965    -    El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcom X) is assassinated in front of 400 people.
  • 1972    -    Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, China, becoming the first U.S. president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the U.S.
  • 1974    -    A report claims that the use of defoliants by the U.S. has scarred Vietnam for a century.

  • 21 February Birthdays

  • 1794    -    Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican Revolutionary.
  • 1801    -    John Henry Newman, English theologian and writer.
  • 1821    -    Charles Scribner, founded the publishing firm which became Charles Scribner's Sons and also founded Scribner's magazine.
  • 1893    -    Andés Segovia, Spanish classical guitarist.
  • 1907    -    W.H. Auden, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (The Age of Anxiety).
  • 1920    -    Robert S. Johnson, American World War II fighter ace who shot down 27 German planes.
  • 1927    -    Erma Bombeck, author and humorist (The Grass is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank).